Health Canada has confirmed that it intends to carry out inspections for compliance with the Tobacco and Vaping Act and the Canadian Consumer Product Safety Act between now and the end of 2019.

The battery of compliance checks is reported to encompass 3,000 retailers who carry vapour products, both specialty vape shops as well as convenience stores and other general retail points of sale. Said Mathieu Valke, a toxicologist with the Institut national de santé publique du Québec:

“The problem is that there isn’t too much regulation over the content of these liquids, so we don’t really know what’s in them.”

On the other hand, Health Canada maintains that the Tobacco Products Labeling Regulations, which also apply to vapour products, mandate that “labels on all vaping products must include a list of ingredients. Furthermore, vaping products that contain nicotine must have a standard label displaying the concentration of nicotine and a warning concerning the risk of addiction associated with nicotine.”

Enforcement is of course a prudent and essential component of regulation, and compliance checks are a necessary component of effective enforcement.

Health Canada, in an email received by the Press Canadienne as reported by The Montreal Gazette, warned retailers who fail compliance checks that, “the non-respect of one or several articles of the law could have serious consequences, such as the seizure of products or financial sanctions.”

With a ban unlikely due to recent findings by Institut national de santé publique du Québec, which show that upwards of 80 percent of vapers engage in the practice to avoid combustible tobacco, level headed regulation backed by firm enforcement is the best possible strategy for Health Canada and consumers alike.


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